If you have mild to moderate degrees of Hallux valgus (Stage 1 or 2), you can take steps to stop the progression, and in some instances, even correct the alignment and reduce the pain. But you must do the following:
1. Change shoes! Avoid flip flops, high-heeled shoes, and pointed, narrow toe box shoes.
2. Exercise your feet.
3. Medicine will not prevent or cure bunions. However, the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen, or acetaminophen, such as Tylenol may relieve the pain.
4. Use of bunion pads, metatarsal pads, and arch supports can help redistribute weight and move pressure away from the big toe.
5. Wear splints or braces. There are many types of orthotics that help correct the mal-positioning and reduce pain: toe gels, soft splints, rigid splints, and flexible splints.